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Author`s books
About the authorBooksGeorgi Markov`s casePiccadilly fileThe archives of the SSSContacts
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He was presented with medals...

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He was paid well...

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He was sent to London...

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The Double Life of Agent Piccadilly. The file of the only agent suspected of the murder of the writer, Georgi Markov and the key archive of the First Main Directorate of the SSS

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He underwent special training...

Contents E-mail

 

Chapter 14

The “Wanderer” files
This chapter traces in detail all the actions of the directors of the Ministry of the Interior and Intelligence Services connected with the illegal destruction of Markov’s files and concealment of this crime in the context of the diplomatic efforts of the UK to force the new “reformers” in the BCP to begin an investigation into Markov’s murder.

Part 1: The destruction of Georgi Markov’s files
In January 1990 Georgi’s wife, Anabelle came to Sofia to search for the truth about the murder. On the same day on which she received a promise of cooperation from Alexander Lilov, member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the BCP and only recently appointed head of the party, the intelligence services destroyed the Markov files containing the plan and operation of his murder. A few days later Markov’s file was illegally removed from Department 6 of the Ministry of the Interior to leave no trace. The main figures in this operation, only days before their retirement, were the director of intelligence, Gen. Vladimir Todorov and the Deputy Minister, Gen. Stoyan Savov, who in 1978 had been directly involved in the operation.
Part 2: BCP – BSP runs circles around Great Britain
The chapter traces attempts by London to force Sofia to begin the investigation of the murder, the unfulfilled promises of the government of Andrei Lukanov and the diplomatic shuttles of the first deputy Foreign Minister of the UK, William Waldergrave, doomed to failure by Bulgarian intransigence. In June 1990 Bulgaria sent two investigators from State Security to Scotland Yard, but the British Detectives did not trust their motives.
Part 3: The investigation of the hidden secret. The Suicide of General Stoyan Savov
When the Bulgarian Socialist Party lost control of the Ministry of the Interior, the new president, Zheliu Zhelev ordered that an investigation be commenced into the murder of Georgi Markov. During his official visit to London in February 1991, he promised that Bulgaria would do everything possible to solve the murder. The investigation service in Sofia began to unravel the actions of the BSS to destroy Markov’s files. Approximately 40 intelligence officers, political police officers, Ministry officials and State Security archivists were questioned. Gen. Vladimir Todorov and Gen. Stoyan Savov were summoned to court for questioning. Savov committed suicide two days before the beginning of court proceedings
Part 4: The trial of General Vladimir Todorov
This part traces the court proceedings against the last director of Zhivkov’s intelligence service, conducted in secret in 1992. Todorov was forced to lie to the Supreme Court to avoid being sentenced. He was given ten months in prison.

Chapter 15

On the Trail of “Piccadilly”
This chapter studies the activities of the Bulgarian investigation service to discover the identities of the agents used on the London operation in 1978. It was established that the only agent sent on a mission against “Wanderer” was Francesco Gullino, an Italian with a Danish passport. The information was supplied by Scotland yard. In February 1993 “Piccadilly” was spotted in Denmark and questioned by British and Bulgarian investigators. The Danish authorities charged Gullino with espionage and prepared him for extradition to London where he was to be investigated in connection with the murder of Markov. Denmark wanted official documents from Sofia incriminating Gullino in Markov’s murder. Bulgaria refused to provide them. The British Ambassador, Richard Thomas, and his Danish colleague, Klaus Otto Kappel, held two meetings with President Zhelev about this matter, but received no cooperation. During this time “Piccadilly” sold his house and disappeared from Denmark. In this way modern Bulgaria did not fulfil its promise to solve the murder and even prevented international investigators from establishing the truth. All subsequent attempts by the British to obtain documents from the next Bulgarian president, Petar Stoyanov, are described. Stoyanov claimed that the Bulgarian archives contained no documents which might assist in the investigation. In 1998 Robin Cook, the UK Foreign Minister, insisted that Bulgaria reply to the official inquiry sent to it by the UK, but that still has not been done.

Chapter 16

Instead of an epilogue – the Battle for Access to Information
This chapter deals with the serious difficulties which the author encountered during his work in the archives in Bulgaria. It deals with the legal and political obstacles to the access to the archives of the secret services, which he encountered during his six years investigation. His determination and resolve in seeking the truth and advocating the right to access to information has been remarkable. The author has won important court battles. In 2004 he won his case against the Minister of the Interior, Professor of Law, Georgi Petkanov in the Supreme Administrative Court for refusing access to documents, connected to Georgi Markov. In 2006 the journalist won a case against the chief of the National Intelligence Services, General Kircho Kirov, for refusing access to the most important materials of the intelligence service on the Georgi Markov’s case, including access to the “Piccadilly” agent files.
List of Bulgarian and British political and public figures which the author has interviewed for the book:
Bogdan Karaoitov – Bulgarian investigator into Markov’s murder
Gen. Kosta Bogatsevski – Deputy Director of the National Investigation Service, involved in the investigation of the murder
Zheliu Zhelev – President of Bulgaria (1990-1996)
Petar Stoyanov  - President of Bulgaria (1997 – 2001)
Gen. Brigo Asparuhov – Director of the National Intelligence Service (1991 – 1997)
Gen. Dimo Gyaurov – Director of the National Intelligence Service (1997 – 2003)
Colonel Radoslav Raikov – Deputy Director of the National Intelligence Service (1991 – 1992) who gave the “Piccadilly” file to the investigators
Dimitary Ludzhev – Deputy Prime Minister, responsible for special services (1990-1991)
Rumen Danov – President Zheliu Zhelev’s national security advisor
Nikola Markov – Georgi’s brother
Anabelle Markova – wife of Georgi
Lord Nicholas Bethel – British MEP, journalist and writer
William Waldergrave – First Deputy Foreign Minister of the UK (1990)
Richard Thomas – UK Ambassador to Bulgaria (1989 – 1994)
Dr. Rufus Crompton – Pathologist who conduced the autopsy on Georgi Markov
Col. Valeri Parvanov – State Prosecutor who investigated the destruction of the Georgi Markov files (1991-1992)
Serafim Stoikov – director of the “Information and Archives” directorate of the Ministry of the Interior (1997 – 2002)
Andrei Tsvetanov – investigator who investigated the suicide of gen. Stoyan Savov
Simeon Tsakov – Lawyer of Gen Vladimir Todorov, the last director of Zhivkov’s intelligence service
Stefan Tsanev – writer, one of Georgi Markov’s closest friends
Prof. Rosalia Likova – literary critic, one of the best specialists in the creative work of Georgi Markov
Liubomir Levchev – poet, friend of Georgi Markov in the 1960’s
Dimitar Inkiov – writer, émigré, worked in radio “Free Europe”
Dimitar Bochev – writer, journalist for “Kontakti” programme on radio “Free Europe”, where Markov’s “Distant Reports on Bulgaria” were broadcast.
Petar Semardzhiev – political émigré and friend of Markov

Note:
The book contains 32 pages of appendices with unique photographs and facsimiles of the most important documents relating to the Markov case discovered by the author.